...and even afterwards, quite often.
People used to face a trial before they were pronounced guilty, but not any more. Trial by media has changed all that, especially in paedophile cases. As you've probably heard, a well-known soap actor has just been charged with sexual offences against children; charged and publicly named. So his reputation will be in ruins, whether or not he's found guilty. Paedophiles, as we all know, are considered the lowest of the low, and once someone is given that label, it will stick, whether deserved or not.
I cannot understand why the identities of these people are diclosed. Surely, in the interests of justice, they should remain anonymous until convicted. It seems to me outrageous that someone should be "named and shamed" (how I hate the expression!) before they are even tried. This man may be guilty - who knows? But until the charges are proved his name should be kept out of the public domain.